Radiology and radiotherapy – the discipline, which contains systematized scientific knowledge and methods of radiology and radiotherapy in clinical medicine.
In our days radiology and radiotherapy are the different divisions of medicine. Radiology allow to detect pathogenesis and another important characteristics of pathological processes, and fix it as objective documentation. Radiotherapy is one of the main methods with surgery and chemotherapy of treatment in oncological practice.
Study of the subject “Radiology and radiotherapy” is based on the previous knowledge of normal and pathological anatomy, physiology, biophysics, biology, histology, chemistry, radiation medicine.
Knowledge and skills obtained in the discipline, supplemented by subsequent courses of internal medicine, surgery, oncology, neurology, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology.
Purpose: formation of the student’s knowledge and skills for the integrated use of modern methods of radiation imaging with the recognition of the most common diseases in clinical practice and radiation therapy in the treatment of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases.
The tasks of the discipline is to acquire the student’s academic competence, which was based on the ability to self-search training and information resources, mastery and understanding of the methods of acquiring knowledge:
- organic-integrated use in clinical medicine ray imaging methods for detecting disease in different age groups.
Task of teaching the subject aimed at developing the students' social and personal and professional competence, subject to the rules of medical ethics and deontology, the foundation of which is to know:
- pathological changes in the organs and systems of rights and the relationship of the complex syndrome with a specific disease;
- strategies for radiation therapy of malignant tumors and benign diseases.
Requirements for the mastering the discipline
Student should know:
- the system of protection of radioprotective and safety in diagnostic and therapeutic uses of radiation;
- biophysical properties, radiosensitivity and radioresistance tissues and organs;
- the types of electromagnetic, ultrasonic, and corpuscular radiation used in X-ray diagnostics;
- basic and special imaging techniques in X-ray diagnostics, the system of generation and transmission of digital images;
- the basis of organic and integrated use of modern visualization methods and radiation therapy;
Student should be able:
- explain the result of radiation research at the most common diseases of the lungs, heart, esophagus, stomach, intestine, gall bladder, kidneys, endocrine system, bones and joints.
Study of the subject "Radiology and Radiation Therapy" is held on the 3rd year (5th and 6th semester). Classroom hours - 132, including lectures – 20
Study of the subject "Radiological and Ecological medicine" is held on the 2d year (3d and 4th semester). Classroom hours - 66, including lectures – 20