University Structure Departments Department of Pediatrics I Educational activities

Assessment criteria of knowledge in Pediatrics

Goals and objectives of teaching Pediatrics:

  • to establish principles of clinical thinking (skills based on the collected information about the patient to put a detailed clinical diagnosis), medical ethics and deontology in pediatrics;
  • to study all aspects of the wellbeing of infants, children, and adolescents, including their health; their physical, mental, and psychologic growth and development
  • to study the etiology and pathogenesis, clinical manifestations of the children's diseases and conditions;
  • to train and improve skills of children and adolescence examination as well as to teach basic principles of diagnosis, treatment, follow up and prophylactics of children's diseases and conditions.

The student should know:

  • goals and objectives of Pediatrics and organization of Healthcare system for children;
  • children morbidity according by age and nosology;
  • International Classification of Diseases with focus on children’s diseases;
  • neonatal and infant mortality rate: evaluation, structure, national and global levels and trends, ways of reducing;
  • classification, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnostics criteria and differential diagnoses, treatment and prevention of most common diseases of infants, children, adolescents;
  • diseases management in outpatient and inpatient department;
  • approach to rehabilitation and follow up of children;
  • principles of medical expertise in pediatric practice;
  • medical ethics and deontology principles in pediatrics;

The student should be able to:

  • take anamnesis in different age groups of pediatric patients and in groups with special needs, communicate with parents and relatives;
  • assess wellbeing of infants, children, and adolescents, including their health; their physical, mental, and psychologic growth and development;
  • organize and conduct supervision and follow-up measures for children in outpatient department (ambulatory pediatrics);
  • carry out physical examination of neonates, infants, toddlers, older children and adolescents;
  • determine indications for additional instrumental and laboratory methods of diagnosis;
  • interpret results of clinical and instrumental examination and laboratory tests;
  • make diagnosis according ICD, provide differential diagnoses, prescribe treatment taking into account age of patients;
  • calculate and organize infusion therapy for pediatric group patients with different needs;
  • to know indications for blood transfusions as well as purpose, risks, complications of this manipulation;
  • provide emergency care in the following states: shock, comas, acute heart failure, tachyarrhythmia, acute respiratory failure and respiratory tract obstruction, seizures, fever, trauma, bleedings, acute allergic reactions, drowning, burns, poisonings;
  • carry out umbilical cord clamping, newborn medical care after delivery (tests, care, medications); bathing and swaddling of a newborn; drugs instillation in eyes, nose and ears; measurements heart and breath rates, blood pressure in different age group; pulse palpation; percussion and auscultation of the heart, lungs and bowel; face mask (bag-valve mask) mechanical ventilation, nasogastric tube insertion; feeding through nasogastric tube, gastric lavage, enema procedures; intravenous and intramuscular injections; catheterization of the urethra/urinary bladder;
  • assess ECG, USG, X-ray, CT, FGDS