The Department of Russian and Belarusian languages was established in 1993. The Russian language has been taught at Grodno State Medical University since the preparatory department was founded in 1970. At the Department of Foreign Language the Section of Russian language was established, specialized laboratory room was equipped, visual material was prepared, technical educational facilities were obtained.

Since 1992 the University began training specialists for foreign countries. Increasing number of foreign students, establishment of preparatory department for foreign students, enhancing the role of Belarusian language, increasing number of lecturers resulted in the establishment of separate Department of Russian and Belarusian languages headed by A.A. Melnikova since 1993. Since 2015 the Department is headed by E.P. Pustoshilo.